• The Fourth Industrial Revolution, Rural Industrialisation and Development: Successes for Youth in the Creative Economy of South Africa
    Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021)

    The Fourth Industrial Revolution includes the advance of Internet and digital technologies; economic challenges and globalisation trends; broader environmental sustainability and social equity concerns. These shifts represent opportunities globally, continentally and nationally; thus they are driving new forms of business innovation which can be used as a vehicle for rural modernisation and development which impact on youth populations. The implementation of the creative economy as a solution in the rural communities has undoubtedly been a topic of increasing interest to researchers and policy makers. This paper, which grows out of fieldwork undertaken in these nodes to explore the effectiveness of innovative practices such as the implementation of creative economies, will suggest that this sector is sustainable. It can start out small, use local resources and indigenous knowledge while demonstrating the potential for massive commercialisation. Starting with the developmental challenges while also pronouncing on solutions drawn from global experiences as possible resolutions for the country’s rural dilemma, this paper will also interrogate the value of technology for poverty alleviation, sustainability and rural industrialisation. This is considered vital as the Fourth Industrial Revolution represents new methods through which technology can become embedded within societies and rural communities. The paper will then examine the value of the five-phased plan and highlight its implementation process and successes and will conclude with directions and cautions for policy makers in South Africa. To support the hypothesis, the choice of methodology for the research presented few challenges because the researcher chose an implementing partner already working in the field in the seven provinces in South Africa. A qualitative and quantitative approach was used as a component of the field project on the value of the creative economy in the regeneration of rural nodes of the country. Data was drawn through the use of images, reports, testimonies (structured and unstructured), focus groups and visual analysis – all which corroborated and enhanced conclusions reached in the field and project reports of project directors and trainers. More importantly, this methodology did prove effective in providing the answers to the questions raised.

  • The Fourth Industrial Revolution: Implications, Opportunities and Risks
    Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021)

    This paper investigates the Fourth Industrial Revolution and in so doing, attempts to unpack the various
    debates around this current epoch. It is a conceptual paper that illustrates the various facets of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and outlines the new sectors and technologies that it has spawned, and highlights the pitfalls to avoid, particularly since it is being perceived as a panacea for all society’s ills. It nevertheless makes a case for a robust engagement with both the concept of a Fourth Industrial Revolution and its practical implementation.

  • Covid-19 Impact
    Vol. 1 No. 2 (2022)

  • The Status of South African Maritime Education: securing Africa’s Blue Economy Future through introducing the 4th Industrial Revolution Technology and Online Learning in a Post COVID-19 Era
    Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021)

    The African Union Maritime Strategy and South Africa’s Operation Phakisa are prioritising the ‘blue’/ocean-based economy, as the next investment and development frontier. However, while several
    reports, manifestos and pilot projects exist, limited attention focuses on ensuring a maritime future via education, training and research. To overcome disruption from increasing automation and digitisation for shipping, logistics and the future of general work, the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) should revitalise maritime education, research and training through IT access; Cloud computing, ‘Big Data’, simulators, resources and changing students / lecturer / labour sector processes, especially for maritime education and training. The COVID-19 pandemic has created unprecedented demand for remote work and education via online and distance methods, with few existing sectors prepared. In direct response, this paper summarises insights discovered from a speaker at Africa’s first 4IR Summit in Durban 2019, Durban University of Technology, who shared his lecturing experience and advice at a policy level on Establishing Operation Phakisa (Dyer 2017). This paper overcomes Africa’s existing constraints to achieving the blue economy by evaluating existing education in a conceptual literature review. It provides a conceptual exploratory framework method through existing desktop studies and surveying 250 students in a South African case study to overcome existing gaps and maritime education / training challenges related to the 4IR. It focuses on the need to transform education, students and the economy to online and digitisation techniques, while expanding it to consider other emerging blue economy sectors in South Africa and beyond, to ensure sufficient supply and overcome a scarcity of demand. Pragmatic and policy implications include redirecting maritime education to assist stakeholders, minimise disruption costs and ensure a sustainable blue economy future as a prototype. As COVID-19 has provided unprecedented demand and new funds pledged, it remains essential to redirect these resources so maritime education, training and research can future-proof the local economy and people against increasing 4IR global disruption.

  • Performances of some unmanned Aerial and Underwater Vehicles used in Maritime Missions
    Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021)

    The paper deals with key features of some unmanned aerial and underwater vehicles used for marine
    surveillance and reconnaissance missions. Firstly, performances of Zephyr pseudo-satellite, AR5 and the AR3 medium altitude unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are discussed. Then, A18-M and A9-E autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) features are briefly presented. The strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) approach is applied to position appropriately these UAVs and AUVs in the context of coastal security measures and tasks. The need for further investigation in the field is also revealed. The analysed vehicles are assets within the European Commission’s COMPASS2020 project applied over European seas, but they might be deployed in other sea areas, including South African ones.

  • Developing South Africa’s Drone Technology Ecosystem
    Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021)

    The growth of the South African drone industry is engaged via the exploration of various factors in the
    national scope of this emerging technology. We ask whether the South African market is ready to
    embark on supplying the need for drone skills, local manufacturing for export, and the rate of
    technology adoption. The competitive landscape of drone technology in South Africa also indicates that
    there may be imbalances that lead to a widening of the gap between the technology initiators and the
    straggling adopters.